|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]宋志刚,郜磊.中国沙滩排球U20女子运动员技战术中运动思维训练实验效果分析[J].山东体育科技,2013,05:0.
 SONG Zhi-gang,GAO Lei.Experimental effects of thinking training in techniques and tactics on Chinese women beach volleyball athletes(U20)[J].,2013,05:0.
点击复制

中国沙滩排球U20女子运动员技战术中运动思维训练实验效果分析

《山东体育科技》[ISSN:1009-9840/CN:37-1011/G8]

期数:
2013年05期
页码:
0
栏目:
出版日期:
2013-10-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Experimental effects of thinking training in techniques and tactics on Chinese women beach volleyball athletes(U20)
作者:
宋志刚1郜磊2
1.北京体育大学 排球教研室,北京100084;2.昆明理工大学 体育部,云南 昆明650000
Author(s):
SONG Zhi-gang1GAO Lei2
1.Dept.of Volleyball Teaching,Beijing Sport University,Beijing 100084;2.Dept.of P.E.,Kunming University of Science and Technology,Kunming 650000,Yunnan,China
关键词:
沙滩排球女子运动员思维训练
Keywords:
beach volleyballwomen athletethinking training
分类号:
G82.19
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
通过运用思维训练中的5W2H、案例导航等方法对国内女子U20沙滩排球运动员进行非实验法实验。前后两次数据通过检验得出接发球指标项中的正确率正确率训练前和训练后有显著性差异,反应时没有显著性差异,不过由于d平均值=0.48182,认为训练后比训练前的判断反应时有减少。防守指标中的正确率训练前和训练后有显著性差异,值得注意的是训练后比训练前的判断正确数有所减少。反应时没有显著性差异,不过由于d平均值=0.48182,认为训练后比训练前的判断反应时有减少。测试数据印证了国内女子U20沙滩排球运动员她们在对接发球的判断上和反应上几乎是站在同一起跑线上。而在防守方面正确率中多数队员能够有较好的判断,但是由于年轻只追求反应时的快慢忽略了正确率才是比赛中取胜的关键。“方向比速度更重要”,运用思维训练在沙排技战术训练当中得到了国内沙排教练、专家和运动员的认可获得了一些基本数据。期望在今后的训练中沿着这个方向研究出成熟、科学的沙排技战术运动思维训练的方法与手段,为国内培养优秀全面的沙排运动员做出微薄之力。
Abstract:
With the methods of 5W2H in thinking training and case studies,an experimental test is carried out for Chinese women beach volleyball athletes(U20).In the return of service indicator,the data indicates that there is a significant difference in accuracy between pre and post training,no significant difference in time reaction.The average d=0.48182 indicates that the time reaction post training is less than that of pre training.As for the accuracy in defense,there was significant difference between pre and post training.It is worth noticing that the judgment accuracy post training is less than that pre training.As d=0.48182,it is indicated that the time reaction post training is less than that pre training.The test data showed that Chinese women beach volleyball players are almost at the same level in the judgment and reaction of return of service.However,in defense,the majority have fair judgment,but some pursue fast time reaction while neglect the accuracy,which is the key of success in competition.Thinking training applied in beach volleyball is recognized by Chinese volleyball coaches,experts and athletes.It is hoped that a mature and scientific thinking training method can be developed and used for training elite beach volleyball players.

参考文献/References

[1]梁承谋.普通心理学原理[M].北京:中国三峡出版社,1996:106 [2]刘爱伦.思维心理学[M].上海教育出版社,2002:2-33、68. [3]李卫国.对激发羽毛球运动员训练积极性的策略研究[J].中国体育教练员,2005,(3):38-39. [4]运动训练学[M].北京:人民体育出版社,2000. [5] 孟国政. 高水平排球运动员运动情境中决策行为的MRI研究[D]∥北京:北京体育大学,2011. [6]邵晋英.关于思维训练中的若干问题研究[J].教育理论与实践,2006,(12):40-43. [7]漆昌柱.羽毛球专家-新手在模拟比赛情景中的问题表征与运动思维特征[D]∥北京:北京体育大学,2000. [8]程勇民.知识表征、运动水平及其年龄对羽毛球竞赛情景中直觉性运动决策的影响[D]∥北京:北京体育大学,2005.[LL] [9]丁雪琴、殷恒殚.运动心理训练与评价[M].北京:北京师范大学出版社,1997:100-105. [10]欣果实.运动技术动作概念的嵌套表征模型[J],成都体育学院学报,1997,37(4):17-21. [11]朱智贤.心理学大词典[M].北京:北京师范大学出版社,1989:914. [12]汪安圣.思维心理学[M].上海:华东师范大学出版社,1992:367-372. [13]王长生.运动思维训练的认知研究现状及其体系建构[J].西安体育学院学报,2008,(1):123-128. [14]朱德全.基于问题解决学习的元认知开发实验研究[J].西南师范大学学报,2003,29(4):30-37. [15]王洪礼,等.最佳思维方法在中学数学解题中的应用[M].西安:陕西科技出版社,1994. [16]张春兴.张氏心理学辞典[M].上海:上海辞书出版社,1991:509-510. [17]Joseph Baker,Jean Cote,Bruce Abernethy.Sport-specific practice and the development of expert decision-making in team ball sports[J].Journal of Applied Sport Psychology,2003,15:12-25.  [18]Flavell JH.Meta-cognition and cognitive monitoring:a new of cognitive development inquiry[J].American Psychologist,1979,34:906-911 [19]Raab M.Implicit and explicit learning of decision making in sports is effected by complexity of situation[J].International journal of sport psychology,2003,34:273-288. [20]McPherson S.L.Expert-Novice Difference in Planning Strategies During Collegiate Singles Tennis Competition[J].Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology,2000,(22):39-62. [21]Cleary T.J.,Zimmerman B.J.Self-regulation differences during athletic practice by experts,non-experts,and novices[J].Journal of Applied Sport Psychology,2001,13:185-206. [22]Kitsantas A.Comparing self-regulatory processes among novice,non-expert,and expert volleyball players:A microanalytic study[J].Journal of Applied Sport Psychology,2002,14:91-105. [23]Berardi Coletta B,Buyer L S,Dominowski R.L.Meta-cognition and problem-Solving:A Process Oriented Approach[J].Journal of Experimental Psychology:Learning,Memory and Cognition,1995,21(1):205-223. [24]Boutcher S.H.Attention and Athletic Performance:An Integrated Approach[J].Advances in Sports Psychology,1992,10:251-256. [25]王斌.手球运动情境中直觉决策的实验研究与运动直觉理论的初步构建[D]∥北京:北京体育大学,2002.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
-
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01