|本期目录/Table of Contents|

 LIU Rui-jiang.Influence of Taijiquan exercise on immune balance ability of female college students of non-sports major[J].,2013,05:0.





Influence of Taijiquan exercise on immune balance ability of female college students of non-sports major
山东师范大学 体育学院, 山东 济南250014
LIU Rui-jiang
Dept.of P.E.,Shandong Normal University,Jinan 250014,Shandong,China
Taijiquanfemale college studentimmune balancehomeostasis
目的:探讨12周太极拳锻炼对运动缺乏的女大学生免疫能力的影响。方法:80名运动缺乏的非体育专业女大学生被随机分为太极拳组(TJQ,40人)和对照组(CG,40人),对照组除了正常的日常活动外,不参加任何体育锻炼,太极拳组在太极拳老师的带领下进行12周的简化24式太极拳锻炼,每天练习30分钟,一周练习5天。两组实验对象在12周锻炼前和锻炼后分别测试血清IgG、IgA 、IgM、IL-4、IL-12、IFN-γ、CD3、血睾酮(testosterone,T)、皮质醇(cortisol,C)的含量及全血中CD4+、CD8+。结果:经过12周的太极拳训练,IL-12和IFN-γ含量有升高趋势,但与锻炼前相比并无显著性差异。太极拳组的IgG、IgM、CD4+、T/C和锻炼前及对照组相比有显著升高(P=0.000),血清皮质醇含量和锻炼前及对照组相比有明显下降(P=0.000)。结论:长时间太极拳锻炼可以提高缺乏体育锻炼的女大学生的身体免疫应答,提高抵抗疾病的能力。为太极拳在运动不足的人群中普及提供科学的理论依据。
To assess the effects of 12-week’s simplified 24 form Taijiquan(TJQ) practice on the immune balance of female college students, 80 female students were randomly assigned to control group (n=40) and TJQ group (n=40). The TJQ group performed TJQ under the teaching of a TJQ master. IgG, IgA, IgM, IL-4,IL-12,IFN-γ,CD3, CD4+, CD8+, testosterone and cortisol were measured at pre and post 12 weeks of TJQ practice. The TJQ group had significantly higher plasma levels of IgG (P=0.000), IgM(P=0.05), CD4+ (P=0.032), testosterone/cortisol (P=0.000), and lower cortisol (P=0.000) at post practice compared with their respective pre levels. Levels of IL-12 and IFN-γ rise, but there are no significant differences. The result suggests that long-term TJQ practice might be a potential method to improve the immune function of people. Further studies concerning other immune aspects are needed.


[1]黄祁平,蒋桂凤,万艳平,等.太极拳对增强女大学生血清总补体活性的影响[J].体育学刊,2006,13(2):69-71. [2]Tse SK, Bailey DM . Tai Chi and postural control in well elderly[J]. Am J Occup Ther,1992,46:295–300. [3]Lan C, Lai JS,Wong MK,et al. Cardiorespiratory function, flexibility, and body composition among geriatric Tai ji quan practitioners[J]. Arch Phys Med Rehabil,1996,77:612-16. [4]Jacobson BH, Chen HC, Cashel C,et al. The effect of Tai ji quan training on balance, kinaesthetic sense, and strength[J]. Percept Mot Skills,1997,84:27-33. [5]Wolf SL, Barnhart HX, Kutner NG,et al.Frailty and Injuries: Cooperative Studies of Intervention Techniques[J]. J Am Geriatr Soc,1996,44:489-97. [6]Gleeson M. Mucosal immunity and respiratory illness in elite athletes[J]. Int J Sports Med,2000,21(suppl 1):33-43. [7]Nieman DC. Current perspective on exercise immunology[J]. Curr Sports Med Rep,2003,(2):239-42. [8]Suzuki K, Nakaji S, Kurakake S,et al.Exhaustive exercise and type-1/type-2 cytokine balance with special focus on interleukin-12[J]. Exerc Immunol Rev,2003,9:48-57. [9]楼文赞.太极拳锻炼对人体作用的研究[J].南京体育学院学报,2003,17(6):170-171. [10]谭路.太极拳锻炼对大学生心血管功能影响的探讨[J].沈阳体育学院学报,2004,28(3):375-376. [11]Kokkinos PF, Fernhall B. Physical activity and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels: what is the relationship?[J].Sports Med,1999,28:307-14. [12]Lu WA, Kuo CD . The effect of Tai ji quan on the autonomic nervous modulation in older persons[J]. Med Sci Sports Exerc,2003,35:1972-76. [13]Wang C, Collet JP, Lau J. The effect of Tai Chi on health outcomes in patients with chronic conditions: a systematic review[J]. Arch Intern Med,2004,164:493-501. [14]Zetaruk MN, Violan MA, Zurakowski D,et al. Injuries in martial arts: a comparison of five styles[J]. Br J Sports Med,2005,39:29-33. [15]Sun XS, Xu YG, Xia YJ. Determination of E-rosetteforming lymphocyte in aged subjects with Taiji Quan exercise[J]. Int J Sports Med,1989,10: 217-19. [16]Wolfson L, Whipple R, Derby C,et al.Balance and strength training in older adults: intervention gains and Tai Chi maintenance[J]. J Am Geriatr Soc,1996,44:498-506. [17]刘晓丹.八周太极拳运动对老年人免疫功能的影响[J].中国临床康复,2006,10(27):10-12. [18]Wang Y T,Taylor L,Pearl M,et al. Effects of Tai Chi exercise on physical and mental health of college students[J].Am J Chin Med,2004,32(3):453-459. [19] 黄祁平,万艳平,戴亏秀,等.太极拳运动增强高年级女大学生体液免疫应答实验研究[J].武汉体育学院学报,2006,40(7):54-56. [20]刘艳环,聂华,马国栋,等.太极拳对女大学生免疫球蛋白的影响及其与上呼吸道感染关系的研究[J].北京体育大学学报,2005,25(8):1089-1090. [21] Mitchell JB, Paquet AJ, Pizza FX,et al.The effect of moderate aerobic training on lymphocyte proliferation[J]. Int J Sports Med,1996 ,17(5):384-389. [22]Nieman DC, Pedersen BK. Exercise and immune function: Recent developments[J].Int J Sports Med,1999,27(2):73-80. [23]冯连世,冯美云,冯炜权.优秀运动员身体机能评定方法[M].北京:人民体育出版社,2003.31-33. [24] 金锦萍,王恬. 冬训对男子优秀游泳运动员内分泌和免疫机能影响的研究[J]. 2007,43(6):63-66. [25] Dominguez-Garcia M V,Rodriguez-Moyado H.Cellular and biochemical mechanisms involved in physiopathgenesis of auto-immune thrombocy-topenic purpura[J].Gac Med Mex,2002,138(5):461-472. [26] Lakier Smith L. Overtraining, excessive exercise, and altered immunity: is this a T helper-1 versus T helper-2 lymphocyte response [J]. Sports Med,2005,33(5):347-364. [27] Peterson EW, Bruunsgaard H,et al.Exercise-induced change in type-1 Cytokine- producing CD8+ T cells is related to a decrease in memory T Cells[J].J Appl Physiol, 2003,93:645-648. [28]Elenkov IJ, Chrousos GP. Stress inflammatory cytokines and susceptibility to disease[J]. Trends Endocrinol Metab,1999,10:359-368. [29]冯连世,李开刚.运动员机能评定常用生理生化指标测试方式及应用[M].北京:人民体育出版社,2002.


更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01